The current implementation practices of smart cities are rather disjoint, namely:
- smart cities projects are, primarily, local initiatives
- smart cities projects are considered as technology projects
- numerous smart cities interest groups are, primarily, clubs
- efforts for development of common vision are insufficient
- typical financing patterns are: the government is budgeting (to some extent) some cities which engage technological companies and the government is budgeting some technological companies (China’s approach) which engage cities.
To address such negative phenomena, the IEC came up with a new approach to standardisation – the systems-level standardisation which provides the context for the traditional product-level standardisation. The systems-level standardisation is aim to achieve synergy between uniformity (availability of standard products) and diversity (ability to combine standard and proprietary products).
The systems-level standardisation (which is carried out by the IEC Systems Committee “Smart Cities”) will offer to smart cities programmes and projects commonly agreed and fully traceable deliverables, namely:
- reference model (ideally, as an ontology),
- reference architecture of a smart city as a system,
- typical use cases (how various actors interact with the smart city as a system); and
- set of existing and new standards for implementation of various capabilities of smart cities.
The smart cities vision can be illustrated by the following figure.
Being equipped by those deliverables, various smart cities programmes and projects can carry out efficient and effective cooperation and coordination among them thus
- decreasing the total cost of smart cities programmes and projects,
- reduce the lead time; and
- increase the quality of implementations.
- Smart Energy
- Active Assisted Living
- Low Voltage Direct Current
- Electrotechnical aspects of Smart Cities
- Smart Manufacturing
The IEC system-level standardisation is based on the IEC Systems Approach.